Driving the Ruta Puuc in Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula

categories: mexico travel

Grutas de Loltun, Yucatan, Mexico

Our goal was the Grutas (caves) de Loltun with 10,000 year old cave art. Take highway 251 to Muna and then follow the signs to Grutas de Loltun the local tourist guide confidently advised. But there were no signs. I don’t mean that there were no large signs. I mean there were no road signs, no hand made signs, no portents in the heavens. Almost as soon as we left Merida our quest became a scavenger hunt. There were detours, there were local markets, there were potholes like tiger traps and fortunately there was the occasional helpful police officer.

While many tourists get no further into the Yucatan than the magnificent ruins of Chichen Itza, more adventurous travelers should visit the ruins around the Ruta Puuc south of the colonial capital of Merida. The destination is worth the effort and the journey has its own rewards.


Dancers in Merida, Mexico

Merida makes a great home base for exploring the Ruta Puuc. Try and arrange your visit to be in Merida on a Sunday when locals take over the central plaza with food booths, crafts and local dances. My favorite meal we ate on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula was the $1 tacos we ate sitting at tables along the side of the plaza.

Ruta Puuc

The Ruta Puuc is a rural route south of Merida that connects 5 Mayan ruins (Uxmal, Kabah, Sayil, X-Lapak, Labna), the Caves at Loltun and some historic hasiandas into a one or two day tay trip. The driving is not difficult but navigation is a different issue. The main route between the mayan ruins is a well paved and well marked road.

We followed the suggestion of starting first at the Loltun Caves but that route is poorly marked. Drive slowly because as you get into each small town the highway will be routed circuitously through town. It was helpful to have a navigator who could keep an eye out for small signs with the highway number. We were convinced numerous times that we had lost our way as we zig-zagged through back streets of small towns. A GPS navigation system would have been helpful.

Loltun Caves

Loltun Caves

The Yucatan is a swiss cheese of underground rivers and caves. From the air it is dotted with cenotes which are sink holes filled with water. The Loltun Caves are a “dry” cave that was used by the Mayans for ceremonies and by ancient peoples as long ago as 10,000 years. The cave does have cave art which is not extensive compared to the cave art in some caves I have seen in Spain but it is none the less amazing to see hand prints from 10,000 years ago.

I called Loltun a “dry” cave in the sense that it is not filled with water, but it is incredibly humid. We came out of the cave so drenched that it might as well have been filled with water. It seems amazing to hear that mammoth bones were found in the cave. Clearly the climate in the area was much cooler during the last ice age.

You must take a tour to enter the Loltun Caves. Tours start at 9:30 am, 11:00 am, 12:00 noon, 2:00 pm, 3:00 pm and 4:00 pm. The entrance is 102 pesos for foreigners but less for Mexican nationals. The cave is 110 kilometers southeast from Merida so allow driving time and time to get lost.


Uxmal, Mexico

The largest and most impressive of the Mayan ruins on the Ruta Puuc is Uxmal. Uxmal has some pyramids that you can still climb unlike the busier Chichen Itza. You cannot climb the main temple which has an unusual elliptical shape. Images of the Mayan Rain God Chaac are everywhere. Chaac was thought to live in the nearby cenotes and was worshipped with human sacrifices. Uxmal like other Mayan cities may have been abandoned because of decease. One theory is that Chaac disapproved and another is that throwing dead bodies into a series of connected water holes is probably a great way to get sick.

Uxmal is open 8 am to 5 pm. Uxmal also has a sound and light show at 7:00 pm during Fall and Winter and 8:00 pm during Spring and Summer that is more hokey than awe inspiring. We stayed at the hotel on the grounds of Uxmal which was built to house the archeologists who did the initial excavation. From there you can easily walk back to the site for the sound and light show. This is a jungle so bring your mosquito repellent.

Labna, X-Lapak, Kabah and Sayil

In between Uxmal and Loltun are 4 lesser known sites that are worth a stop if you have time. We found that a second day would have been needed to visit all the sites.

archway at Labna

Labna is famed for its entrance arch. The entrance fee is 42 pesos.

El Gran Palacio

X-Lapak is a partially excavated site and so less spectacular but admission is free.


Kabah is most well known for a palace covered with masks of the rain god Chaac. The entrance fee is 42 pesos.


Sayil, which means “The Place of the Ants”, has a large palace with 90 bedrooms. The entrance fee is 42 pesos.

The Ruta Puuc, and in particular the road to the Caves of Loltun challenged our navigation skills but it led to a wonderfully under-explored part of the Yucatan. Give me the road less traveled any day of the week… but please give me someone to help navigate.

For more information on the Yucatan and the Ruta Puuc listen to Travel to the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico – Amateur Traveler Episode 163.

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by Chris Christensen

I am the host of the Amateur Traveler. The Amateur Traveler is an online travel show that focuses primarily on travel destinations and what are the best places to travel to. It includes both a weekly audio podcast, a video podcast, and a blog.

3 Responses to “Driving the Ruta Puuc in Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula”

Armands Balodis


Very nice photo of the temple. One of my next travel destinations is Peru to do the Inca trail, but Mayan civilization is just as great.



Hi there! Thanks for all the great tips for driving and navigating the Ruta Puuc. I will be going there this fall and am a little worried about traveling solo and renting a car by myself… Any tips or advice for me? How did you finally end up finding the Loltun Caves? Would you recommend renting a GPS navigator from the car rental company?




A GPS system, either on your phone or in the car would not hurt. I am not sure exactly what we did as I was driving and not looking at the map, so I am not sure how to tell you to avoid our mistake.

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